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Difference between GitLab CI and GitHub Actions Beta


Simply push your changes to the repository and the pipeline will be triggered automatically. Project fill-pipeline-settings task executed at least once. This commit does not belong to any branch on this repository, and may belong to a fork outside of the repository. Side-by-side feature comparison of all three products. This comprehensive guide evaluates the leading CI/CD tools on the market, comparing GitLab against Atlassian Bitbucket and Jira, Azure DevOps and GitHub.

  • Much like GitHub, GitLab offers a full suite of functionality that developers can leverage throughout their development cycles.
  • Track application and infrastructure performance with dynamic logging and extensive APIs.
  • Learn how to create an Azure DevOps pipeline with Terraform code.
  • You don’t need any external tools to deliver your software and you can visualize all the steps in the GitLab UI.
  • Again, as with the other CI tools, a single command is run in the workflow with some parameters included in a configuration file .

It makes it easy to automate all your software workflows, now with world-class CI/CD. Make code reviews, branch management, and issue triaging work the way you want. Azure DevOps caters to the enterprise market, so it’s common to see premium-level integrations that require payment before usage. This offers the advantage of quality, less buggy software with more support.

Announcing the GitHub Actions extension for VS Code

Our guide will fill you in on all the essentials to make your choice simpler. Users can also opt to purchase a license, Basic Plan and Basic + Test Plans, that give access to free, individual tools as well as use of additional services. This workflow shows the major steps in the GitLab process. You don’t need any external tools to deliver your software and you can visualize all the steps in the GitLab UI. GitLab itself is an example of a project that uses Continuous Integration as a software development method. For every push to the project, a set of checks run against the code.

GitHub Actions is the CI/CD functionality within the GitHub platform. GitHub’s platform is the most widely used Git platform on the planet, and it has extensive functionality beyond just Actions – including defect and project tracking, image repositories, and analytics. It means that dev/test/prod parity is simple to achieve and maintain. When you completely control all of the environment the tests are running in you define those constraints too. It’s been a great balance between a managed service and the flexibility of running it yourself. Moving from Jenkins/EC2 to Spinnaker/EKS and looking for a tool to cover our CI/CD needs.

How to deploy Terraform code in an Azure DevOps pipeline Automation in the cloud will not only make you move faster, it will do so in an efficient way. Learn how to create an Azure DevOps pipeline with Terraform code. Another similarity is the methodical CI/CD pipeline process. In Azure DevOps, each action within a CI/CD pipeline section is defined in steps. GitHub Actions also uses steps to carry out procedures in a systematic fashion. Each of these steps defines procedures to be executed to deliver software.

Language and platform agnostic

A quick guide on the advantages of using GitHub Actions as your preferred CI/CD tool—and how to build a CI/CD pipeline with it. Automatically provision production environments on every release. Keep code, dependencies, and tokens secure with always-on testing. Access code, collaboration, packages, CI/CD and more all from a single platform. The complete developer platform to build, scale, and deliver secure software. A GitHub Action for creating GitHub Releases on Linux, Windows, and macOS virtual environments.

The website itself is made with OneGraph, hosted on Netlify , and built with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. We’re also using React and npm for package management, installation, and testing—but more on that later. Still, fundamentally, both offer web-based repositories with open-source, Git-based code management and local file changes with a remote repository. So, if all you want is basic Git functionality but with someone else to worry over keeping Git up and running,either service will do well for you. I’m going to keep harping on how difficult running a job with separate containers or shells for each step is for a bit.


This informative guide was created strictly as a reference point for comparing these tools, and was correct at the time of publication and will be reviewed regularly. The latest vSphere release offers expanded lifecycle management features, data processing unit hardware support and management … For teams running machine learning workflows with Kubernetes, using Kubeflow can lead to faster, smoother deployments.

Cons of GitLab CI

We don’t allow questions seeking recommendations for books, tools, software libraries, and more. You can edit the question so it can be answered with facts and citations. This question is seeking recommendations for books, tools, software libraries, and more. A VCS makes it easy for multiple developers, designers, and team members to work together on the same project, ensuring that everyone has the same access to the latest code and can track all modifications. These come with unlimited public and private repositories. That may be enough for you if you’re a solo programmer or have a small team.

Live logs can be accessed directly through the Actions menu in your repository and by clicking into any job or workflow. If you did everything right when you built out your CI/CD pipeline, you probably won’t need to look at your live logs. A CI/CD pipeline can and should be more complex than this if you’re building enterprise software, maintaining a big open source project, or working with a big team on any array of things. But if you’re just getting started, don’t worry about making your CI/CD pipeline meet every single need of a big team or ambitious project—just make it work for you. Be clear about what a CI/CD pipeline is and should do.

The hashicorp/gitlab ci cd vs github actionsup-terraform action is a JavaScript action that sets up Terraform CLI in your GitHub Actions workflow. Test performance and runtime across languages and platforms. That said,GitHubis clearly the 800-pound gorilla of the VCS world. According to the programming tools company JetBrains,77% of developers use GitHub regularlycompared to 40% forGitLaband 25% for BitBucket. Both run on Linux servers, come with issue trackers and offer a wide range of third-party integrations and import tools.

Container and package management

For simplicity’s sake, I’m going to use the Open Sauced repository in my Open Sauced project. Feel free to take a closer look by forking this repository and contributing with a fork. Continuous Integration / Continuous Delivery (CI/CD) has long been—and continues to be—the domain of DevOps experts. But with the introduction of native CI/CD to GitHub in 2019 via GitHub Actions, it’s easier than ever to bring CI/CD directly into your workflow right from your repository.

Each change submitted to an application, even to development branches, is built and tested automatically and continuously. These tests ensure the changes pass all tests, guidelines, and code compliance standards you established for your application. Whether you’re working on an open source project, a side project, or a work project, there are some big benefits to adopting CI/CD—like producing more consistent and workable releases. But the biggest benefit of all is trusting that your code works after merging it to your main branch, testing it, and deploying it. The point here is that if you’re working on a solo project or something small, building a CI pipeline doesn’t have to be an intimidating process.

  • Our example features a website built on Astro and deployed via GitHub Pages.
  • The latest vSphere release offers expanded lifecycle management features, data processing unit hardware support and management …
  • This marketplace is a great advantage of GitHub over other services.
  • But its lack of yaml anchors and confusing workflow within a workflow concept make it very difficult for platform engineers to re-use complete pipeline definitions for multiple projects.

Specifically,GitHubadvocates merging new branches with the master branch. That way, you’re set up to quickly deploy, and you can speedily reinstate your old version if something goes awry. If you do need the bells and whistles of a hosted Git service, however, then let me break it down — from the differences in software services to similarities in interfaces and core values. At this point, I think you should be seeing a pattern.

That seems unlikely to change, but might be an acceptable limitation. You can always add an action to call other cross-platfrom CI/CD services. There might be a vibrant community (marketplace?) where people can share actions. For example, I’m reusing deploy actions build by different people in different ecosystems. Both GitLab CI/CD and GitHub Actions can upload files and directories created by a job as artifacts. In GitHub Actions, artifacts can be used to persist data across multiple jobs.

So, if you’re comparing DevOps vs. GitHub Actions, review their notable features to find the best tool for the job. Azure DevOps was making strides as the de facto CI/CD tool offered by Microsoft and was widely used by the enterprise community. But then in 2018, Microsoft acquired GitHub and made significant improvements to the platform, resulting in another CI/CD tool — GitHub Actions. GitHub is a more recognized name in the development community than Azure DevOps, but now that Microsoft owns both tools, developers need to see how they differ and work together.

Deployment protection rules

Propose functionalityby submitting a feature request. Fill in all the other fields and select Create project. GitLab automatically configures polling-based pull mirroring.

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In both systems, jobs run in parallel by default, but job dependencies in GitHub Actions can be specified explicitly with the needs key. GitLab CI/CD also has a concept of stages, where jobs in a stage run concurrently, but the next stage will start when all the jobs in the previous stage have completed. You can recreate this scenario in GitHub Actions with the needs key. Both GitLab CI/CD and GitHub Actions support running jobs in a Docker image. In GitLab CI/CD, Docker images are defined with an image key, while in GitHub Actions it is done with the container key.

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When you buy through our links, we may earn a commission. I know devs often try to push platform engineers to choose Github since practically every developer nowadays has experience with it . And Github acts as a resume of sorts for many devs so there’s a desire to want to use it as much as possible. But if you’re a platform engineer, I hope you choose the right tool that allows you to get the most done with minimal error. But then Github launched “Actions” and it’s been on my radar for about 3 years now to give it a shot. Overall, I think Github is a pretty great solution as well.

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Gitlab is still more powerful, but to be fair, Gitlab has about a 4-year head start on Github and it probably has a different primary customer in mind than Gitlab. I’ll keep you updated with new content published in the blog. Bitbucket Pipelines free tier has 50 build minutes/month and 1 GB of storage. These services have a free tier so you can start using any of them for free. Enabling this cookie allows us to analyze the usage of the website and to improve the content. Drone is out, GitHub actions are being considered along with Circle CI and GitLab CI.


The complexity of managing your own runners usually is not worth it. I’m going to talk only about the cloud version of each service, not about the self-hosted version in your own infrastructure. Running my app in a production (or production-like) environment was already a solved problem, because everything was already in some form of “everything as code”. Having a test environment where the only difference was adding the Buildkite agent was a trivial addition. Use GitLab CI/CD to catch bugs and errors early in the development cycle. Ensure that all the code deployed to production complies with the code standards you established for your app.

Actions looks like GitLab CI/CD but there are some differences between them. Both systems enable you to include additional containers for databases, caching, or other dependencies. For more information, see “Events that trigger workflows.” “This job will run after build_a and build_b have finished.”

If you are happy with your current plan you can just buy more minutes, but if you are interested in the features of higher plans they’ll come with more minutes too. There are some cases where you want to run your build inside a Docker container. If you want to know more about the pipelines syntax you can read the Get started with Bitbucket Pipelines documentation page. Choosing a solution to create or improve your CI/CD pipeline may seem like a daunting task. Read on to learn more about the benefits and limitations of choosing CircleCI, Github Actions, and GitLab.

It is a simple combination of various linters, written in bash, to help validate your source code. Go from builds to deployments with CI/CD templates from leading DevOps organizations like Red Hat, OpenShift, Docker, and more. Get started with more than 14,000 workflows in the GitHub Marketplace. Easy-to-set-up and simple-to-maintain CI/CD that helps your developers build more secure code from the start without sacrificing speed.

Jobs contain a series of steps or scripts that run sequentially. GitHub Actions and GitLab CI/CD share several configuration similarities, which makes migrating to GitHub Actions relatively straightforward. There are however some major similarities that I would also like to point out which I believe could make your transition easier or just in case you want to try out both tools to judge for yourself. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. Find centralized, trusted content and collaborate around the technologies you use most.